Health and safety


Safety : protection from dangers originating from non-human sources


"Safety measures for the use of a machine tool"


Security : pretection from dangers originating from human sources


"Security around the President of France"


Hazard : something that can cause harm or damage


"fire hazard ; chemical hazard"

Vocabulary : personal protective equipement

  • Hard hat
  • Safety glasses
  • Safety goggles
  • Safety visor
  • Respirator
  • Particle mask
  • Ear plugs
  • Ear muffs
  • Work gloves
  • Back support belt
  • Knee pads
  • Safety boots
  • Fire extinguisher


The average person finds it difficult to assess risks. For this reason, work practices need to be regulated.

Examples of dangerous activities are:

  • welding or grinding without goggles / face shield / face screen / visor
  • working on a construction site work without a hard hat / safety helmet / bump cap
  • working in noisy factories, on airport tarmacs and with outdoor machinery without earplugs / earmuffs
  • working in chemical areas without a mask / a respirator
  • smoking near flammable substances
  • the full range of dangers arising from modern industrial processes, for example the widespread use of chemicals.
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